托福独立写作中谓语动词的常见用法错误


时间:2020/3/24
作者:辛达托福代报名小编
-返回首页 / 返回文章列表


辛达托福代报考位提醒:到2020年03月24日官网没有释放考位,在此提醒广大考生抓紧时间报名,如果暂时没有考位的话可以提交给我们代报,广大考生注意考试


托福独立写作中由于词汇运用不当所招致的扣分问题层出不穷。很多同窗并非不晓得这些词汇语法问题,许多状况下都只是没有太过留意才会招致错误发作。下面小编就来为大家解说托福独立写作中词汇中谓语动词的常见用法错误,协助大家理解扣分缘由找到处理办法。

 

托福独立写作词汇错误:主谓分歧

 

我们来看以下句子:

 

Admittedly, books written on the basis of realities is valuable to most people.

 

A less complicated social environment is the most agreeable condition that help maintain the simplicity of children’s mental world.

 

第一句句子的主语是books,因而谓语动词应该用复数方式are而不是is,这就是“主谓分歧”,即:谓语动词在单复数方式上要和主语坚持分歧。因而,原句的正确表达为:Admittedly, books written on the basis of realities are valuable to most people.

 

第二句句子的主语是a less complicated social environment,谓语动词应该用单数方式helps. 因而,原句的正确表达为:A less complicated social environment is the most agreeable condition that helps maintain the simplicity of children’s mental world.

 

我们再来看以下句子:

 

The number of students who walk to school has been significantly increased.

 

A large number of advertisers are filling commercials with appealing visual effects so as to spark consumers’ desires to buy such targeted products.

 

在托福独立写作中,the number of和a large number of是考生经常运用的两个短语,前者表示“…的数量”,后者表示“大量的”。第一句句子中的主语是the number of students,“学生的数量”是单数的,所以谓语应该运用单数方式has,而不是have. 又如:There has been a sharp increase in the number of Internet users since last year. 第二句句子中的主语是a large number of advertisers,“大量的广告商”是复数的,所以谓语应该运用复数方式are,而不是is.

 

托福独立写作词汇错误:谓语动词的表现方式

 

我们来看以下句子:

 

Most students like to watch TV cannot finish their homework in time.

 

Children who find passion in sports holding on to this passion throughout life, which leads to a healthier and more successful future.

 

第一句句子中like to watch TV和cannot finish their homework in time都是谓语动词,普通而言,两个谓语动词需求用连词(如and或but)停止衔接,或者能够将like to watch TV变为从句,如:Most students who like to watch TV cannot finish their homework in time(定语从句).

 

第二句句子没有谓语。句子中who find passion in sports是修饰children的“定语从句”,which leads to a healthier and more successful future是以which为引导的“非限定性定语从句”。整句句子的谓语动词应该是hold,而不应该运用非谓语方式(holding)。在托福独立写作中,特别要留意there be句型中“谓语的表现方式”,如:

 

There are a great variety of articles and topics accurately reflect the diversity of users’ interest.

 

由于there be句型中的be自身就是谓语成分,所以不能运用reflect,而应改为:There are a great variety of articles and topics that accurately reflect the diversity of users’ interest(定语从句);或There are a great variety of articles and topics accurately reflecting the diversity of users’ interest(非谓语构造)。

 

托福独立写作词汇错误:谓语动词的语态

 

“语态”表现的是主语和谓语之间的关系,托福独立写作中主要运用“主动语态”,不倡议频繁运用“被动语态”。

 

我们来看以下句子:

 

Many children can avoid their most disliked courses if they are given the opportunity to choose.

 

Because the content of an e-book is delivered electronically to their devices, students can shop for e-books and receive them almost immediately, any time of the day or night.

 

第一句句子中“防止最不喜欢的课程”动作的发出者是“孩子们”,因而是“主动语态”;而他们“被”提供时机停止选择是“被动”的。第二句句子中“电子书的内容”和“将电子版本传输到学生的设备之中”是“被动”的关系,而学生“购置电子图书”和“不论白昼还是黑夜,能够第一时间收到这些图书”都是“主动”的关系。

 

我们来看下面的例句:

 

Modern citizens are faced unprecedented psychological pressure when they are heavily loaded with mountains of information from the network of mass media.

 

从句中,they (指现代公民,modern citizens)和满载着大量信息(load with mountains of information)是“被动”的关系,而他们和面临绝后的心理压力(face unprecedented psychological pressure)是“主动”的关系,所以原句应该改为:Modern citizens are facing unprecedented psychological pressure when they are heavily loaded with mountains of information from the network of mass media.

 

在托福独立写作中,face是考生经常需求运用到的单词,解释为“面临、直面”,face也是一个很难正确运用的单词。当要表达“他面临着很多生意上的费事”意义的时分,考生能够运用He is facing many business troubles. 或者He is faced with many business troubles. 由于face常常用于“主动语态”,而be faced with用于“被动语态”,又如:

 

When facing overwhelming challenges, each individual should be well equipped with a vast range of knowledge and a broadened mind.

 

When they are faced with the increasingly powerful domination of money, people ought to take precautions as early as possible so as not to become slaves of wealth.

 

以上就是托福独立写作词汇类问题中的谓语动词错误解析,希望能给大家提供一些词汇运用方面的参考协助。


小编找到的是作者的一些见解,希望可以为考生们寻找到最好得分方式。这些资料大家可以作为参考吸收到自己的经验谈之中,适合自己的方法就是最好的方法,希望对大家有所帮助。最后,辛达代报希望广大考生们在备考过程中提升自己的语言水平,取得更好的成绩。


有需要代报考位的同学们,可以直接联系我们,辛达托福代报竭诚为您服务。(*^__^*) 嘻嘻…




☆转载声明: 各位同行和网友们,欢迎转载或引用在本站的文章,敬请标注原文出自辛达托福代报网!

其他文章推荐

托福综合口语TASK3和TASK4学术话题的备考建议

托福常用口语900句语料对照汇总:51-100句

托福听力考前1个月备考训练方法

托福听力对话的考察话题细化分类

如何打好托福听力基础提升听力得分进而提高总分

辛达代报名网站编辑部



上一篇:托福综合写作的指代写法

下一篇:托福听力备考的3大类核心常识