最新出炉的英文版IBT听力讲义(二十六)


时间:2018/1/13
作者:辛达托福代报名小编
-返回首页 / 返回文章列表


辛达托福代报考位:到2018年1月13日上午托福官网没有释放考位,在此提醒广大考生抓紧时间报名,注意自己的考试时间,如对托福报名有任何疑问,欢迎咨询在线客服

LISTENING SCRIPT

Listen to a lecture in an American history class.

Good evening, class. Well, tonight we‘ll begin our discussion of the Colonial period of American history. During this period, people in North America lived in colonies under the authority of the King of England. By definition, a colony is…um…a group of people living in a distant land but remaining under the jurisdiction of their native land. So, tonight, we‘ll look at the three kinds of American colonies before the American revolution: royal colonies, proprietary colonies, and corporate colonies.

The first type of American colony was a royal colony. A royal colony was directly under the control of the King of England. Although none of the 13 colonies began as a royal colony, by the time of the Revolutionary War in 1775, eight of the colonies had become royal colonies. Georgia, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia were all royal colonies, directly subject to the King of England.

The second type of American colony was a proprietary colony. A proprietary colony was under the control of an individual, the proprietor. The proprietor was given a grant to govern a colony by the King of England. By 1775, only three of the colonies remained proprietary colonies: Delaware, Maryland, and Pennsylvania.

And the last type of American colony was a corporate colony. These colonies were governed under a charter received from the King of England by a company‘s stockholders. Only two colonies, Connecticut and Rhode Island, could be considered corporate colonies. These colonies were founded by groups of colonists in America, not by English stockholders. The two colonies did, however, receive a charter from the King of England and were therefore considered corporate colonies.

So, these were the three types of colonies: royal, proprietary, and corporate. As we discuss the colonies in detail, you‘ll see how the type of colony affected the governing of the colony. We‘ll study the 13 colonies in three groups, the Northern colonies, also known as the New England colonies, the Middle colonies, and the Southern colonies. Next week, we‘ll begin discussing the Northern and Middle colonies. Please read Chapter 7, no, sorry, Chapters 7 and 8 in your text about the colonies in Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island.

大家在进行托福备考的同时,如果对考位方面也比较紧张,可联系辛达代报为您服务



☆转载声明: 各位同行和网友们,欢迎转载或引用在本站的文章,敬请标注原文出自辛达托福代报网!

其他文章推荐

日常口语:换种方式话廉贵

日常口语:美国人五花八门的打招呼方式

生活口语:上海的一天

实用英语:“开卷闭卷考试”的说法

趣味英语口语:跟脸面有关的口语

辛达代报名网站编辑部



上一篇:最新出炉的英文版IBT听力讲义(二十五)

下一篇:新托福听力考试相关背景资料(1)